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Understanding NATO's Central Role in the Future of Global Cyber Defense

posted Sep 17, 2018, 6:34 PM by James Caroland   [ updated Sep 17, 2018, 6:35 PM ]
By Samantha Brletich 

Article Summary

The Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) is a NATO cyber-dedicated center focused on improving NATO member and non-member cyber capabilities as countries face cyber threats from non-state and state actors. NATO created the CCDCOE to evolve to the evolving cyber threat. In response to growing cyber threats, there is a need for international law or policy that addresses how nations can appropriate address cyber threats. The CCDCOE sponsored the writing of the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare and the Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations to examine how existing international law applies to cyberspace and cyber operations. Appropriate and proportional responses need to be developed, as an overreaction may lead to cyber warfare, conventional warfare, or an armed attack. The Tallinn Manual also addresses the use of force and actor involvement. It presents the idea that a use of force does not require a military or other armed forces. Countries and scholars alike turn to the Tallinn Manual 2.0 to develop a policy response to large-scale cyber-attacks such as malware or ransomware. It addresses common incidents and threats that countries face on a day-to-day basis that fall below the threshold for using force or armed conflict in the fifth domain. Individual cyber security policies will only strengthen NATO cyber defenses and the CCDCOE. National-level cyber security strategies will assist in the application of the Tallinn Manual, and strengthen and support the CCDCOE mission and NATO cyber defenses.

Please see the attached PDF for the complete article.

Image credits (in order of appearance): International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Adobe Stock, Geostrategia